Last updated: 25
The Russian Federation
Language Family: Eastern Slavic
group of Slavic branch of Indo-European
Location: Russia, Ukraine, Belorus, Kazakhstan
Professional Associations and Organizations
Association for Teachers of Slavic and East European Languages (AATSEEL)
From About: "The American Association of Teachers of Slavic and East European
Languages (AATSEEL), founded in 1941, exists to advance the study and promote
the teaching of Slavic and East European languages, literatures, and cultures
on all educational levels, elementary through graduate school. While the largest
proportion of its activities and members concentrate in the area of Russian,
AATSEEL has from the beginning stressed that it embraces all Slavic and East
European languages, literatures, linguistics and cultures."
Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies (AAASS)
"The American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies (AAASS)
is a nonprofit, nonpolitical, scholarly society which is the leading private
organization dedicated to the advancement of knowledge about Russia, Central
Eurasia, and Eastern and Central Europe."
Council of Teachers of Russian (ACTR)
"American Councils is the worldwide leader in connecting people from the
US, Russia, Eastern Europe and Eurasia to learning and to each other. How do
we accomplish this? In many ways. We operate study-abroad programs for students,
education professionals, independent travelers and local leaders. We perform
research, publish books and develop Web sites. We serve an institutional role
by holding conferences, administering standardized tests, managing information
centers and acting as a consultant to governments. We run the professional society
for Russian teachers. And, we develop and advocate policy on language education
around the world."
Association for Slavonic and East European Studies
BASEES, according to its constitution, exists to "advance education for
the public benefit in the United Kingdom in the humanities and the social sciences
as they relate to the former Soviet Union and the countries of Eastern Europe".
A list of links to the associations noted above plus additional professional
Think Tanks, Research Institutes and Centers
Foreign Policy Council
"For nearly two decades, the American Foreign Policy Council (AFPC) has played
an essential role in the US foreign policy debate. Founded in 1982, AFPC is
a nonprofit organization dedicated to bringing information to those who make
or influence the foreign policy of the United States and to assisting world
leaders, particularly in the former USSR, with building democracies and market
Endowment for International Peace
"Founded in 1910, the Carnegie Endowment is a private nonprofit organization
dedicated to advancing cooperation among nations and promoting active international
engagement by the United States." Link here to the Carnegie
for Strategic and International Studies
"The only institution of its kind that maintains resident experts on all the
world's major geographical regions. It also covers key functional areas, such
as international finance, the emerging markets, US domestic and economic policy
related to the Strengthening of America, and US foreign policy and national
security issues." Includes papers on Russia.
Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace
Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace Founded in 1919 by President
Hoover and located at Stanford University, the Hoover Institution is "a public
policy research center devoted to advanced study on domestic public policy and
international affairs[.]" Its major activities include: "[d]ocumenting current
world developments through its library and archival collecting," "[a]nalyzing
political, economic, and social phenomena in historical perspective and studying
the implications of such phenomena on public policy" and "[e]xpanding public
policy debate by proposing imaginative, well-conceived solutions to specific
domestic and global problems."
Institute for Advanced Russian Studies
Part of the Woodrow Wilson
International Center for Scholars in Washington, DC, "The Kennan Institute
provides a forum for bringing historical depth on and contemporary understanding
of Russia and the former Soviet Union to the nation's capital. The Institute
organizes seminars, workshops, briefings, and conferences featuring prominent
scholars and policymakers from America, Russia, and other successor states to
the Soviet Union with experience in shaping U.S.-Russian policy." Also see WWICS
links to other Russia-related centers and projects.
List of Slavic Centers and Institutes
An extensive list of links to Russian Institutes and Centers in North America,
Europe and Asia.
Sher regularly updates this List of Lists. The site is made up of hot
links and is so vast that it now has categories, ranging from Geography,
Language and History to Sports, Travel and Theater.
to Russian and FSU Web Resources
This megasitekeeps growing. It has links to
just about everything Russian from maps, news and science to Russian communities,
language departments, and music and literature.
Internet Resources, British Library Slavonic and East European Collections
This is probably one of the finest Internet resource site for Slavonic studies
in the UK. Many links to Russian resources. There are also links to the British
Library's collections in other Slavonic languages from Belarusian to Ukrainian,
as well as links to the Library's collections in non-Slavonic former Soviet
republics and Communist Eastern European countries.
of Congress Portals to the World - Russia
Electronic resources selected by Library of Congress subject experts.
Regional Countries Links - Russia
Yahoo search engine links for countries from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. Links
to Cities and Towns, Regions, Autonomous Republics, Arts and Humanities, etc.
Russian Webrary at the Morton Grove Public Library
Very user-friendly and available both in Russian and English versions.
Roy's site is filled with useful information and links. The centerpiece of the
site is a special section called Russian Aircraft Resource.
- Russia .
The Russian and East European Network Information Center at the University of
Texas at Austin offers a rich collection of links. From this site you may also
connect to links to Eastern European countries.
The University of Pittsburgh's Center for Russian and East European Studies
website. Strong in links throughout Eastern and Central Europe as well as with
List of Russian Web Servers. (In Russian.)
A good link to websites in Russia. Everything from Arts and Humanities
(some excellent Photography sites) to Magazines and Newspapers.
and East European Language Resource Center (SEELRC) Homepage
SEELRC, at Duke University and the University of North Carolina
at Chapel Hill, sponsors a number of activities, organizations, and publications,
including a Summer Institute for Teachers of Slavic and East European languages,
the Slavic Cognitive Linguistics Association, The Case Books Series,
and Glossos, a journal for independent research in languages and linguistics.
Interactive On-line Russian Reference Grammar.
Robert Beard is a professor at Bucknell University in Lewisburg, Pa. Site includes
an online Reference Grammar.
Mitrevski's Home Page and Russian Web Tutor.
There are a lot of solid materials here. For language learners: Russian
Web Tutor. There are also several culturalpages at this site, e.g.,
Courses in reading and listening comprehension, technical and scientific literacy,
cultural literacy (in English), and a lot more.
These exercises only work in Internet Explorer. Designed to supplement an intermediate
Russian language course, these exercises assume basic knowledge of grammar.
No explanations, just self-correcting exercises - lots of them.
Russnet is the website of the The American Council of Teachers of Russian (ACTR).
There are many resources here including a collection of Russian Language Modules.
These are thematic learning modules that combine the learning of culture with
the learning of Russian. Registration is required.
One of several comparative grammars (others are currently Czech, Macedonian
and Polish) produced by the Slavic and East European Language Resource Center
at Duke/UNC-Chapel Hill. In PDF format. Covers Background, Phonology, Morphology,
Syntax, and more. Includes exercises that are challenging!
Interactive Pages, University of Pennsylvania.
Most of this website is still under development; however, it does already offer
video/audio-based reading/listening comprehension course consisting of 10 chapters
- a lot of material!
Language Learning Website
This is the product of a joint project between two British institutions, the
University of Sussex and the London School of Economics and Political Science.
Based on short prose works by Pushkin, Gogol and Tolstoy and a poem by Blok,
this intermediate level course includes the Russian text, a Russian/English
parallel text, an audio reading of a stressed version of the text, and related
comprehension, vocabulary and grammar exercises. Included as well are related
scholarly articles written in English and video interviews and discussions of
materials with native speakers.
Энциклопедия "Кругосвет"(In Russian.)
Russian language encyclopedia is excellent and a wonderful tool for developing
your language skills. Enter most any topic and you get a nice article written
in perfect Russian.
- Slavic Languages
website has links not only to Russian dictionaries but also to dictionaries
for Belarusian, Ukrainian, Czech-Slovak, Polish, Sorbian (Lusatian), Bulgarian,
Macedonian, and Serbo-Croatian. The Russian section has links to most of
the standard well-known dictionaries, including: Smirnitsky, Mueller, Ozhegov,
and Russian-English Dictionary
English-Russian and Russian-English Dictionary
is a "two in one" tool. You can type in either English or Russian in the same
spaces and get translation results.
The data base for the site is the three-volumed Новый Большой Англо-русский
Словарь, with more than 250,000 entries. (For its Russian-English counterpart,
the site uses Smirnitsky.)
Online Russian Abbreviations/Acronyms
This Russian website advertises itself as the "largest Russian abbreviations
dictionary in the world" and, with regular updates to its 54,000+ entries, it
most definitely deserves this claim.
Online Specialized Dictionaries
English-Russian and Russian-English Dictionary of Computer Science
dictionary consists of 50,000 entries. Excellent!
English-Russian and Russian-English Dictionary of Economics
Good economics-business dictionary.
Stream Translation Technologies.
This commercial site translates both from Russian to English and English to
Russian. It also claims to translate both words and phrases/sentences - not
very well. Test it yourself.
This site is worth exploring. Type in the English or Russian and it offers you
a collection of all forms and related roots in context.
Computer Dictionary, Virtual Computer Museum. ("http://www.computer-museum.ru/index.php")
(Go into Museum home site and link to Dictionary at bottom.) The title says
it all. However, because Russians are borrowing computer terms from English
wholesale, the English-Russian format isn't all that helpful.
English-Russian Glossary of Election Terms
(Requires Cyrillic (Windows) encoding.) This parallel glossary makes for interesting
- A Country Study
detailed presentation from the Library of Congress. Includes sections on: Geography,
Society, Economy, Government and
Politics, Very detailed History and Historical Development, Contemporary Trends,
Department of State Background Notes - Russia
Background Notes are updated/revised as they are received from regional bureaus
and are added to the database of the Department of State web site. Categories
include: Geography, People, History, Government, Political Conditions, Economy,
Defense, Foreign Relations, US Relations, and Travel/Business.
World Factbook - Russia
Good resource site for information
on Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications, Transportation, Military,
and Transnational Issues.
News Country Profiles - Russia
Full profiles provide an instant guide to history, politics and economic background
of countries; also bio sketches of leaders, essay on media, and historic timelines.
They also include audio and video clips from the BBC archives.
Resources on the Net - Russian Federation
Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with
links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around
CountryWatch.com - Russia and the Newly Independent States
"CountryWatch is a world leader in providing country specific geopolitical intelligence
on each of the 192 countries of the world." Basic information is free; deeper
resources require subscription.
United Nations Homepage
Includes links to UN NewsCenter,
which includes headlines in latest developments in Peace and Security, Economic
Development, Humanitarian Aid/Refugees, Environment/Shelter, Human Rights, Women/Children/Population,
Health/Poverty/Food Security, Culture/Education.
International Monetary Fund - Russian Federation
Latest developments in Peace and Security, Economic Development, Humanitarian
Aid/Refugees, Environment/Shelter, Human Rights, Women/Children/Population,
Health/Poverty/Food Security, Culture/Education.
The World Bank Group
This site is undergoing construction problems; however preset link to WBG
Search - Russia functions.
The World Trade Organization
"The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the only global international organization
dealing with the rules of trade between nations. At its heart are the WTO agreements,
negotiated and signed by the bulk of the world’s trading nations and ratified
in their parliaments. The goal is to help producers of goods and services, exporters,
and importers conduct their business." Includes detailed information on
and Observers - Russia (Observer).
Commercial Service - Russia
" The Country Commercial Guides (CCG) are prepared by US
Embassy Staff once a year and contain information on the
business and economic situation of foreign countries and the
political climate as it affects U.S. business."
Country Library - Russia
From About: "TradePort is designed to be an easy-to-use tool offering one place
to go for comprehensive trade information,
trade leads, and company databases."
Information Administration Country Analysis Briefs - Russia
From About: "The Energy Information Administration (EIA), created by
Congress in 1977, the a statistical agency of the U.S. Department of Energy.
We provide policy-independent data, forecasts, and analysis to promote sound
policy making efficient markets and public understanding regarding energy
and its interaction with the economy and environment."
The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) "is an independent
agency that provides economic, development and humanitarian assistance around
the world in support of the foreign policy goals of the United States."
World Health Organization - Russian Federation
About WHO" "The World Health Organization, the United Nations specialized
agency for health, was established on 7 April 1948. WHO's objective, as set
out in its Constitution, is the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible
level of health. Health is defined in WHO's Constitution as a state of complete
physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease
Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies - Russian Federation
The International Federation of Red
Cross and Red Crescent Societies is the world's largest humanitarian organisation,
with 178 member National Societies.
International - Russia
Want to know what's really happening in a country? Then go to Amnesty International,
the champion defender of human rights worldwide. Familiarity with a given country's
human rights issues can provide a unique insight into many other aspects of
its culture and politics.
Rights Watch - Russia and Chechnya
Human Rights Watch is dedicated to protecting the human rights of people around
the world, and as the link name above -- Russia and Chechnya -- indicates, the
organization doesn't beat around the bush. You may also link here to the Russian
language version of Human
Helsinki Federation for Human Rights
"The International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights is a self-governing
group of non-governmental, not-for-profit organizations that act to protect
human rights throughout Europe, North America, and the Central Asian republics
formed from the territories of the former Soviet Union. A primary specific goal
is to monitor compliance with the human rights provisions of the Helsinki Final
Act and its Follow-up Documents."
Planet Destinations - Russia
The people at the offbeat
Lonely Planet website are not your typical travel guides -- they're very bright
and know what they're talking about. Their goal is not to "sell the country"
to travelers. Instead, they tell it how it is. Typical headings include: "Warnings"
(in case travel is not recommended - the "why's"); Facts for the Traveler,
When to Go, Events, Money and Costs, Attractions, Off the Beaten Track, Activities,
History, Culture, Environment, Getting There and Away, Getting Around, and Further
Reading and Related Weblinks. Also
see guides to Moscow
Places - Russia
The URL for this website is "www.comebackalive.com" and it's a bit unusual: "The authors and publishers assume no liability
nor do they encourage you to do, see, visit or try any of the activities or
actions discussed in this site." Nonetheless, there is some very good,
hard to find information here - whether you're a soldier of fortune or just
an interested student of the country.
In English, David Johnson's Russia List describes
itself as "a daily e-mail newsletter with information and analysis about contemporary
Russia from a wide range of sources." You can subscribe to the list or link
to it on the Internet.
History of Russia
By Professor Michael Petrovich of the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Multimedia
lectures provide an overview of Russian history. There is a total of 46 recorded
lectures with illustrations. Each lecture lasts about 8 minutes. History-417
will take you from 800 to 1800; History-418 from 1800 to 1917.
An excellent resource for students and teachers alike. Alphabetic index to just
about everybody in the "who's who" of Russian history.
Part of the World Wide Web Virtual Library European History Project at
the European University Institute, Florence, Italy, this portal links to sites
covering every aspect of Russian history.
This is part of Robert Beard's website at Bucknell. Included is an interactive
Chronology of Russian History, as well as many other related links and resources.
in Russian History: An Online Source Book
Site by Nathaniel Knight, Seton Hall University. Provides translations of important
historical texts: Catherine the Great's Nakaz, Radishchev's Journey
from St. Petersburg to Moscow, Chaadaev's Philosophical Letter, Pobedonotsev's
Reflections of a Russian Statesman, and Lenin's What is to be Done,
just to name a few.
History Home Page
John Slatter, University of Durham, UK. This site provides English translations
of Russian historical texts in three sections: Russian History before 1800,
1801-1991, and 1905-30. Included are works ranging from the Primary Chronicle
to Gorbachev's Perestroika. Well-worth exploring.
to Russian Culture
This is a site of links used to teach a Russian culture course (Russian 162)
at the University of North Dakota.
the Pale: The History of Jews in Russia
Hosted by the Friends-Partners website: "This exhibition depicts the history
of anti-Jewish attitudes -- and of anti-Semitism today, a form of intolerance
that in our century caused the death of millions of people. The exhibition also
portrays the history of Jews in Europe and in Russia to help understand their
life, religion and culture. But above all, the exhibition wants to warn of the
great dangers of prejudice and intolerance, particularly in times of political
uncertainty and increased social tension."
Library of COngress. About the Project: "Meeting of Frontiers is a bilingual,
multimedia English-Russian digital library that tells the story of the American
exploration and settlement of the West, the parallel exploration and settlement
of Siberia and the Russian Far East, and the meeting of the Russian-American
frontier in Alaska and the Pacific Northwest. It is intended for use in US and
Russian schools and libraries and by the general public in both countries. Scholars,
particularly those who do not have ready access to major research libraries,
also will benefit from the mass of primary material included in Meeting of Frontiers,
much of which has never been published or is extremely rare."
Empire that was Russia: The Prokudin-Gorskii Photographic Record Recreated
site from the Library of Congress. From About: "The photographs of Sergei
Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii (1863-1944) offer a vivid portrait of a lost world--the
Russian Empire on the eve of World War I and the coming revolution. His subjects
ranged from the medieval churches and monasteries of old Russia, to the railroads
and factories of an emerging industrial power, to the daily life and work of
Russia's diverse population." [Highly recommended by BBS.]
Face of Russia.
This PBS series website based on James Billington's book of the same title contains
an interactive timeline of Russian history and culture, references, and forums,
as well as schedules for the series.
This website is maintained by David Barnsdale in the UK. It is basically a resource
site with links to websites dealing with the Russian Revolution.
This is part of a greater Marxists.org Internet Archive, A website for
those with serious interests in early Soviet history. You can to complete eTexts
of John Reed's Ten Days that Shook the World and Leon Trotsky's History
of the Russian Revolution.
This site presents a history of the Soviet GULAG prison system through a series
of pictures and memoirs; includes a geography of the GULAG and gives the detailed
contents of the 58th article of the Criminal Code dealing with counterrevolutionary
From About: "Memorial is a movement which arose in the years of perestroika.
Its main task was the awakening and preservation of the societal memory of the
severe political persecution in the recent past of the Soviet Union." Available
in English and Russian.
from Russian Archives.
From the Library of Congress: "Shortly after defeating the attempted coup
of August 1991, a group from the victorious democratic resistance led by the
chief archivist of Russia, Rudolph Pikhoia, took over the previously top secret
archives of the Central Committee of the Communist Party and began the process
of both consolidating democratic control over all archives in Russia and attempting
to make them available for the first time for public study. This exhibit [is]
the first public display of the hitherto highly secret internal record of Soviet
Communist rule. The legendary secretiveness and general inaccessibility of the
entire Soviet archival system was maintained throughout the Gorbachev era. The
willingness of the new Russian Archival Committee under Pikhoya to cooperate
in preparing this exhibit with the Library of Congress dramatizes the break
that a newly democratic Russia is attempting to make with the entire Soviet
This huge Russian e-library/portal contains links to e-texts of just about everything
- from histories, TV guides and cookbooks, to most of the world's classics and
на Стихии (In Russian.)
There simply is no better single source for
Russian poetry than this site. Each entry has a chronology of works, critical
and biographical information and, in many instances, the complete oeuvre. Professors
who teach Russian poetry can finally tailor-make the perfect anthologies for
Each and every word in this website is "hotlinked" to a vocabulary
translator and grammar. Includes most classics of Russian literature: War
and Peace, Anna Karenina, The Brothers Karamazov, Crime and Punishment,
We, Quiet Flows the Don, Doctor Zhivago, Master and Margarita, just to name
a few. Teachers may also create their own anthologies of Russian literary texts.
Электронная Библиотека, (In Russian.)
The policy of this site is to provide works by authors where there are no copyright
issues. The site is growing quickly. Currently you can go here for works by
most of the major writers of the 19th century. Included as well are works by
Bulgakov, Blok, Esenin and others.
the Ends to the Beginning: A Bilingual Anthology of Russian Verse,
Produced by the Department Slavic Languages and Literatures at Northwestern
University, this web anthology includes a selection of 250 works by Russia's
leading poets from the 18th century to the present. Included as well are some
75 rare recordings of poetry readings by Akhmatova, Mayakovsky, Mandelshtam,
Pasternak, et al.
20th Century Russian Drama
Another website produced by the Slavic Department at Northwestern! "An
overview of the directors, designers, artists and playwrights in Russia who
shaped modern drama during the first two decades of the twentieth century. Web
site is dedicated to the Russian theater of Stanislavsky and Meyerhold, Chekhov,
Mayakovsky and Bulgakov, Malevich and Tatlin, Stravinsky and Shotakovich."
to Russian and NIS Literature Resources
Part of the Links to Russian and FSU Web Resources megasite noted above,
this site offers numerous links to literature pages, archives and authors.
Overview of Russian Philosophy, Mikhail Epstein
An essay by Professor Epstein of Emory University. Dr. Epstein also provides
links to all important related websites.
Russian and Soviet
Science and Technology
Virtual Guide to the History of Russian and Soviet Science and Technology
The webmaster for this site is Slava Gerovich, a Dibner/Sloan postdoctoral researcher
at the Dibner Institute for the History of Science and Technology at M.I.T.
This webpage of links is provided by Professor Andrew M. Drozd of the University
of Alabama. It has links to folktales, fairy tales, folk art, Slavic paganism
and witch craft, to include vampires and werewolves.
and East European Folklore Association
This professional academic website, hosted by the University of Virginia, provides
eVersions of the SEEFA Journal with links to articles organized by countries/cultures.
site, the work of Professor Alexander Boguslawski of Rollins College, provides
illustrated essays on Russian paintings, artists and art movements from the
early icons through the 20th century.
Institute of Modern Russian Culture, Russian Art Site.
This Mega-site, produced at the University of Southern California, provides
links to websites devoted to Russian Icons, Photography, Cartoons, Performing
Arts - including Ballet and Music - and the Cinema.
Contemporary Art of St. Petersburg
This site, which can be accessed both in Russian (above) or in English (click
HERE), is a gateway
to the art world of St. Petersburg. Though the focus is on contemporary art,
there are also links to the Hermitage and State Russian Art museums
Russia in the US Music Page
Essays on Russian composers, opera, church and folk music, romantic songs, and
the like. Also audio samples of all of the above. Included as well are Artists'
Songs (Vysotsky, Okoudjava, Galich et al), pop music (Vetinsky, Pugachova etc.)
and even rock-and-roll (Aquarium, DDT and Team Accident). Good example, click
and then click on Vysotsky's picture!
Part of Professor Beard's Bucknell website offering a sampling of Russian music,
then biographical information about Russian composers with links to audio files.
- Open Women Line (In Russian.)
An online magazine, individual articles, chat groups and lots of other information
and links for those interested in the Russian women's movement. Some things
are in English.
This bilingual English-Russian site offers a directory of resources and link
for Russian women artists, writers, poets, musicians, scholars, as well as for
women's studies and academic organizations in Russia and the US.
of the Moscow Patriarchate of the Russian Orthodox Church
This is the official site of the Russian Patriarch Alexis II of Moscow, the
head of the Russian Orthodox Church. The site has everything from a history
of the church to current events.
This is part of the "Little Russia in US" website.
Also See: True
Orthodox Church, the Russian
Orthodox Church outside of Russia and the The
Russian Orthodox Church in America. The latter has a "Humor" section.
Finally, link here for a History
of the Orthodox Church, from its very beginnings to to the present,
with reference to all of its various branches by the Serbian Orthodox Diocese
of Raska and Prizren.
A commercial site which advertises itself
as "the largest Russian music & video store in America." Offers free
Video Stream previews of its offerings through Windows Media Player. Movie
video previews run a very respectable 10 to 15 minutes through Windows
Media Player! You can also get similar previews by looking at individual sales
videos and scrolling to the bottom of the ad. In addition, you can preview Music
The Russian selections of this Media-Link Megasite connect you with radio and
television stations, newspapers and magazines throughout the Russian Federation
- from Altai Region to Yaroslavl Oblast. Some 230 links in all.
Site provides video, audio and the corresponding text. To use this site users
need to have downloaded Windows Media Player 2. (Latest version - free download.)
This site offers a huge collection of online
Go here for both audio and written reports on the latest, newsbreaking events.
About: "TvRadioWorld is an informational directory dealing with radio and
television broadcasters worldwide." Site allows you to bookmark favorite
radio stations for listening.
Through this site at least half a dozen stations are available that broadcast
in Russian. Some of them provide text to go with the audio. Canada, Finland
and several of the East European countries broadcast in Russian and their sites
can be located via this site.
A good source for audio. The corresponding text for news broadcasts is also
The British Broadcasting Corporation provides transcripts and audio of its Russian
Texts of news commentaries on Voice of Russia. In addition, this VoR
link offers scientific/technical articles covering recent developments in Russian